Get to know tires for driving comfort and safety

Tires are one of the most important factors in your car. This tire has various functions to support the mobility of your vehicle and anticipate an accident in driving from the existing tire types.Tires themselves have their own type or type depending on their function. Therefore, it is not uncommon for car owners to be careful in choosing the best tires.

To make it easier for you to know and understand tires in particular, this article will try to review from the function, type, component function to the type of tire tread. Without going into detail, let’s look at the reviews one by one.

Withstand loads

This will be influenced by the air pressure on the tire. The wind in the tires will function to support the weight of the car and the loads in it. Therefore, checking the tire pressure is very important, especially on long trips and carrying heavy loads.

Reduce shocks

Still related to wind pressure and now added with the type of tire itself (radial / bias) will greatly influence the initial shocks on uneven roads before finally being damped again by the suspension.
Radial type tires absorb shocks better than bias tires.

Continuing the power from the engine

On each type of tire you will find a different tread. This is related to the traction and braking performance that comes from engine power.

Pass on the steering function

In controlling the direction of the car, tires are one of the most important components. In addition, maneuverability and stability in driving are largely determined by the performance of the tire itself. By knowing the basic functions of a tire, you can begin to adjust this function to anticipate accidents that can occur at any time.

Tire Type

This type of tire is divided into three types, namely bias tires, radial tires, tires with inner tubes and tubeless tires. Here is a brief explanation.

Tire bias

In this type of tire, it has a characteristic form of the fiber layer that has an oblique direction. The advantages of this type of bias tire will increase driving comfort. This convenience is due to the fact that the tread can absorb vibrations very well. Of all these advantages, of course there are weaknesses. Resistance to wear and shocks (rollers) is still inferior to radial tires.

Radial tires

The difference between radial tires and bias tires is their inclusion. Radial tires have crisscrossed fibers, not tilt as in bias tires. Radial tire belts are made of steel, so this type of tire is also called a steel radial tire. Unlike regular tires, radial tires have better wear and shock resistance, but not in terms of ride comfort.

Tires with Inner Tubes

This tire may be familiar to you. This type of tire is a tire that is often used by motorized vehicles.

Tubeless tires

Like the opposite of tires with inner tubes, tubeless, as the name implies, does not use inner tubes as a support. Tubeless tires are equipped with a coating that will withstand air leaks and automatically prevent air leaks when the tire is punctured by sharp objects. Almost all the latest cars now use tubeless tires. Tires have a complex construction on the inside. These components include carcass or cassing, tread sidewall, breaker, belt, and bead.

Carcass (Cassing)

Carcass or tire cassing is a tire frame that is hard and strong enough to withstand high pressure air. However, the carcass of this tire must be flexible enough to absorb changes in load and impact.Carcass itself has more components such as the ply (layer) of the tire cord (parallel woven sheet of strong material) which is then glued together into rubber. Cords on larger tires such as those used by buses or trucks are usually made of nylon steel.
Whereas for smaller cars, they are usually made using ordinary nylon (polyster).


Sidewall is a rubber layer that functions to cover the side of the tire and protect the carcass like a tread. This sidewall is the largest and most flexible component of the tire. This sidewall also contains tire information such as the tire manufacturer’s name, size and other information.


The tire breaker is the layer between the carcass and the tread tire which serves to strengthen the adhesion between the carcass and the tread tire.
In addition, the breaker itself functions to dampen shocks arising from the road surface to the carcass and is usually used on bias tires.

Belt (Rigid Breaker)

This belt tire is a breaker used on radial-ply tires. This tire belt is like a holster that surrounds the tire between the carcass and the tread rubber.
For ordinary passenger cars, usually use a rigid breaker which is composed of steel wire, rayon and polyester. Meanwhile, buses or trucks use a rigid breaker made of steel wire.


So that the tire does not tear from the rim when the tire is working, the side of the ply is surrounded by a steel wire called a bead. Air pressure will push the bead out of the rim and hold it firmly.The tire bead itself is protected again from wheel friction in the form of a hard rubber layer and is called a chafer strip.


This is the outer tire component that is directly related to the road surface and produces friction resistance in the driving force and braking force generated by the car.
This tread also serves to protect the carcass of the tire from wear and tear. In this tread section, there is a pattern (swelling) which is designed to optimize the tire’s ability when running.